Musci (Mosses)

Abstract

Mosses are members of the green plant lineage, showing alternation of generations, with an unbranched persistent sporophyte generation dependent on the dominant leafy gametophyte generation. They are the third most speciose group of land plants, and are important members of most terrestrial ecosystems.

Keywords: green plants; Sphagnum; peat; watershed protection; carbon sink

Further Reading

Buck WR and Goffinet B (2000) Morphology and classification of mosses. In: Shaw AJ and Goffinet B (eds) Bryophyte Biology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association website: http://www.peatmoss.com.

International Peat Society website: http://www.peatsociety.fi/index.htm

Krassilov VA and Schuster RM (1984) Paleozoic and mesozoic fossils. Schuster RM New Manual of Bryology, vols 1 and 2. Nichinan: The Hattori Botanical Laboratory.

Malcolm B and Malcolm N (2000) Mosses and Other Bryophytes: An Illustrated Glossary. Nelson, New Zealand: Micro‐optics Press.

Miller NG (1984) Tertiary and quaternary fossils. Schuster RM New Manual of Bryology, vols 1 and 2. Nichinan: The Hattori Botanical Laboratory.

Min LY and Longton RE (1993) Mosses and the production of Chinese gallnuts. Journal of Bryology 17: 421–430.

Newton AE, Cox CJ, Duckett JG et al. (2000) Evolution of the major moss lineages: Phylogenetic analyses based on multiple gene sequences and morphology. The Bryologist 103: 187–211.

Nickens TE (2001) Catching bandits in the Smokies. National Wildlife Feb/Mar: 34–39.

O’Neill KP (2000) Role of bryophyte‐dominated ecosystems in the global carbon budget. In: Shaw AJ and Goffinet B (eds) Bryophyte Biology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Peck JE and McCune B (1998) Commercial moss harvest in northwestern Oregon: biomass and accumulation of epiphytes. Biological Conservation 86: 299–307.

Poinar GO (1992) Life in Amber. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Richardson DHS (1981) The Biology of Mosses. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Schenk G (1997) Moss Gardening, including Lichens, Liverworts, and other Miniatures. Cambridge: Timber Press.

Schofield WB (1985) Introduction to Bryology. New York: Macmillan.

Schuster RM (ed.) (1983–1984) New Manual of Bryology, vols 1 and 2. Nichinan: The Hattori Botanical Laboratory.

Shaw AJ and Goffinet B (eds) (2000) Bryophyte Biology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Smith AJE (1978) The Moss Flora of Britain and Ireland. Chatham: W & J Mackay.

Vitt DH (1984) Classification of the Bryopsida. Schuster RM New Manual of Bryology, vols 1 and 2. Nichinan: The Hattori Botanical Laboratory.

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How to Cite close
Newton, Angela E(Jul 2001) Musci (Mosses). In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003676]