The order Illiciales is a member of the basal subclass of angiosperms, the Magnoliidae, and is made up of two small families. The family Illiciaceae contains one genus, Illicium, which has about 42 species, and the family Schisanraceae, which contains two genera – Kadsura (24 species) and Schisandra (about 25 species), including the Chinese star anise.

Keywords: illiciaceae; schisandraceae; magnoliidae; illicium; schisandra; kadsura; chinese star anise

Figure 1.

Foliage, flowers and flower buds of Illicium floridanum. Two‐thirds natural size.

Figure 2.

Flower of Illicium floridanum before pollen has been shed from the stamens. 2.5 times natural size.

Figure 3.

A pollen grain of Illicium parviflorum showing how the 3 apertures are fused at one end (distal pole) of the grain. Bar = 10 μm.


Further Reading

Keng H (1993) Illiciaceae. In: Kubitzki K (ed.) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, vol. 2. Berlin: Springer‐Verlag.

Keng H (1993) Schisandraceae. In: Kubitzki K (ed.) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, vol 2. Berlin: Springer‐Verlag.

Qui Y‐L, Lee J, Bernasconi‐Quadroni F et al. (2000) Phylogeny of basal angiosperms: analyses of five genes from three genomes. International Journal of Plant Science 161(supplement): S3–S27.

Sampson FB (2000) Pollen diversity in some modern magnoliids. International Journal of Plant Science 161(supplement): S193–S210.

Stone DE and Freeman JL (1968) Cytotaxonomy of Illicium floridanum and I. parviflorum (Illiciaceae). Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 49: 41–51.

Williams EG, Sage TL and Thien LB (1993) Functional syncarpy by intercarpellary growth of pollen tubes in a primitive apocarpous angiosperm, Illicium floridanum (Illiciaceae). American Journal of Botany 80: 137–142.

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How to Cite close
Sampson, F Bruce(Feb 2002) Illiciales. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003696]