The order Amborellales consists of a single plant, Amborella trichopoda, which is considered to be the basal‐most surviving flowering plant.

Keywords: Aborellaceae; Amborella; Magnoliidae; basal angiosperms; primitive pollen; veselless wood

Figure 1.

A carpel of Amborella trichopoda dissected from a female flower. Inner side of carpel (which faces the centre of the flower) at left. Bar, 1 mm.

Figure 2.

A pollen grain of Amborella trichopoda with a small round aperture partly visible at upper centre. Bar, 10 μm.

Figure 3.

Portion of the surface of a pollen grain of Amborella trichopoda. Bar, 1 μm.


Further Reading

Bailey IW and Swamy BGL (1948) Amborella trichopoda Baill., a new morphological type of vesselless dicotyledon. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 29: 245–254.

Endress PK and Igersheim A (2000) The reproductive structures of the basal angiosperm Amborella trichopoda (Amborellaceae). International Journal of Plant Science 161 (supplement): S237–S248.

Jérémie J (1982) Amborellaceae. In: Aubréville A (ed) Flore de La Nouvelle Calédonie et dépendances, vol. 11. Phanérogamie, Paris: Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle.

Philipson WR (1993) Amborellaceae. In: Kubitzki K (ed) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, vol. 2. Berlin: Springer.

Qui Y‐L, Lee J, Bernasconi‐Quadroni F et al. (2000) Phylogeny of basal angiosperms: analyses of five genes from three genomes. International Journal of Plant Science 161 (supplement): S3–S27.

Sampson FB (1993) Pollen morphology of the Amborellaceae and Hortoniaceae (Hortonioideae: Monimiaceae). Grana 32: 154–162.

Sampson FB (2000) Pollen diversity in some modern magnoliids. International Journal of Plant Science 161 (supplement): S193–S210:

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How to Cite close
Sampson, F Bruce(Feb 2002) Amborellales. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003698]