Magnoliales

Abstract

The order Magnoliales is a member of the most basal sub‐class of angiosperms, the Magnoliidae, and is made up of three families, the relatively large family Magnoliaceae and two small families, Himantandraceae and Degeneriaceae.

Keywords: Magnoliaceae; Degeneriaceae; Magnolia; Magnoliidae; Degeneria; Liriodendron; Galbulimima; primitive pollen

Figure 1.

Flower of Liriodendron tulipifera. Natural size.

Figure 2.

A pollen grain of Degeneria vitiensis. Bar, 10 μm.

Figure 3.

Flower and foliage of Galbulimima baccata from Queensland, Australia. Natural size. Photo courtesy of Professor P. K. Endress, University of Zürich, Switzerland.

Figure 4.

A pollen grain of Galbulimima baccata. Bar, 10 μm.

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Further Reading

Endress PK (1993) Himantandraceae. In: Kubitzki K et al. (eds) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, vol. 2. Berlin: Springer‐Verlag.

Kubitzki K (1993) Degeneriaceae. In: Kubitzki K et al. (eds) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, vol. 2. Berlin: Springer‐Verlag.

Miller JM (1989) The archaic flowering plant family Degeneriaceae: its bearing on an old enigma. National Geographic Research 5: 218–231.

Nooteboom HP (1993) Magnoliaceae. In: Kubitzki K et al. (eds) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, 2 Berlin: Springer‐Verlag.

Sampson FB (2000) Pollen diversity in some modern magnoliids. International Journal of Plant Science 161 (supplement): S193–S210.

Thien LB (1974) Floral biology of Magnolia. American Journal of Botany 61: 1037–1045.

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How to Cite close
Sampson, F Bruce(Feb 2002) Magnoliales. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003699]