Malvales (Mallow)

Abstract

Malvales are a large and diverse group of trees and shrubs found mostly in the tropics and subtropics.

Keywords: cotton; chocolate; baobab; durian; cola

Figure 1.

Phylogenetic relationships of Malvaceae and Malvales based on DNA sequence data. Within the expanded concept of Malvaceae (s.l., sensu lato), nine clades are given the rank of subfamily. All Malvaceae in the traditional sense are in Malvoideae. Genera formerly placed in the Bombacaceae are divided among Malvoideae, Bombacoideae and Helicteroideae. Former Sterculiaceae are included in Malvoideae, Dombeyoideae, Sterculioideae, Helicteroideae and Byttnerioideae. Former Tiliaceae are in Tilioideae, Brownlowioideae and Grewioideae.

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Further Reading

Alverson WS, Karol KG, Baum DA et al. (1998) Circumscription of the Malvales and relationships to other rosidae: evidence from rbcL sequence data. American Journal of Botany 85: 876–887.

Alverson WS, Whitlock BA, Nyffeler R, Bayer C and Baum DA (1999) Phylogeny of the core Malvales: Evidence from ndhF sequence data. American Journal of Botany 86: 1474–1486.

Ashton PS, Givnish TJ and Appanah S (1988) Staggered flowering in the Dipterocarpaceae: New insights into floral induction and the evolution of mast fruiting in the aseasonal tropics. American Naturalist 132: 44–66.

Baum DA (1995) The comparative pollination and floral biology of baobabs (Adansonia–Bombacaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 82: 322–348.

Bayer C, Fay MF, De Bruijn AY et al. (1999) Support for an expanded family concept of Malvaceae within a recircumscribed order Malvales: a combined analysis of plastid atpB and rbcL DNA sequences. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 129: 267–303.

Manchester SR (1994) Inflorescence bracts of fossil and extant Tilia in North America, Europe, and Asia: patterns of morphological divergence and biogeographic history. American Journal of Botany 81: 1176–1185.

Manchester SR and Miller RB (1978) Tile cells and their occurrence in Malvalean fossil woods. IAWA Bulletin 1978: 23–28.

Wendel JF (1995) Cotton. In: Simmonds N and Smartt J (eds) Evolution of Crop Plants, pp. 358–366. London: Longman.

Wolfe JA (1975) Some aspects of plant geography of the northern hemisphere during the late Cretaceous and Tertiary. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 62: 264–279.

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How to Cite close
Whitlock, Barbara A(Mar 2002) Malvales (Mallow). In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003727]