Nonprotein‐coding Genes

Abstract

In addition to the genes that encode messenger ribonucleic acids and are translated into proteins, the human genome includes hundreds to thousands of genes that encode a variety of functional ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules. The number of known RNA species has grown rapidly in recent years and many additional examples will doubtless be found.

Keywords: tRNA; rRNA; snRNA; snoRNA; ribozyme

References

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Further Reading

Collins CA and Guthrie C (2000). The question remains: is the spliceosome a ribozyme? Nature Structural Biology 7: 850–854.

Eddy SR (1999) Noncoding RNA genes. Current Opinion in Genetics and Development 9: 695–699.

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Web Links

Imprinted in Prader–Willi syndrome (IPW); Locus ID: 3653. Locuslink: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/LocusLink/LocRpt.cgi?l=3653

RNA component of mitochondrial RNA processing endoribonuclease (RMRP); Locus ID: 6023. Locuslink: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/LocusLink/LocRpt.cgi?l=6023

RNA, ribosomal 1 (RNR1); Locus ID: 6052. Locuslink: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/LocusLink/LocRpt.cgi?l=6052

RNA, 5S cluster 1 (RN5S1@); Locus ID: 6025. Locuslink: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/LocusLink/LocRpt.cgi?l=6025

RNA, U1A small nuclear (RNU1A); Locus ID: 6060. Locuslink: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/LocusLink/LocRpt.cgi?l=6060

Imprinted in Prader–Willi syndrome (IPW); MIM number: 601491. OMIM: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/htbin‐post/Omim/dispmim?601491

RNA component of mitochondrial RNA processing endoribonuclease (RMRP); MIM number: 15766. OMIM: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/htbin‐post/Omim/dispmim?157660

RNA, ribosomal 1 (RNR1); MIM number: 180450. OMIM: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/htbin‐post/Omim/dispmim?180450

RNA, U1A small nuclear (RNU1A); MIM number: 180680. OMIM: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/htbin‐post/Omim/dispmim?180680

RNA, 5S cluster 1 (RN5S1@); MIM number: 180420. OMIM: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/htbin‐post/Omim/dispmim?180420

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How to Cite close
Tollervey, David(Sep 2005) Nonprotein‐coding Genes. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0005018]