In Vitro Fertilization


In vitro fertilization in combination with preimplantation genetic diagnosis (IVF‐PGD) is a technique that helps couples avoid transmitting a genetic disorder to their offspring. Couples using IVF‐PGD react to treatment and subsequent pregnancy and parenthood as do couples using IVF for fertility problems.

Keywords: in vitro fertilization; preimplantation genetic diagnosis; counseling; child development; genetic disorders


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Further Reading

Boivin J and Kentenich H (eds.) (2002) Guidelines for Counseling in Infertility, European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) Monographs. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Boivin J, Scanlan L and Walker SM (1999) Why are infertile couples not using psychosocial counseling? Human Reproduction 14: 1384–1391.

Eugster A and Vingerhoets AJJM (1999) Psychological aspects of in vitro fertilization: a review. Social Science and Medicine 48: 575–589.

Hammer‐Burns L and Covington S (eds.) (1999) Infertility Counseling: A Comprehensive Handbook for Clinicians. New York: Parthenon.

Kahraman S, Bhace M, Samli H, et al. (2000) Healthy births and ongoing pregnancies obtained by preimplantation genetic diagnosis in patients with advanced maternal age and recurrent implantation failure. Human Reproduction 15: 2003–2007.

Lissens W and Sermon K (1997) Preimplantation genetic diagnosis: current status and new developments. Human Reproduction 12: 1756–1761.

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Stanton AL and Dunkel‐Schetter C (1991) Infertility: Perspectives from Stress and Coping Research. New York: Plenum Press.

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How to Cite close
Boivin, Jacky(Jul 2006) In Vitro Fertilization. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0005219]