Adoption Strategies

Abstract

Adoption strategies are research designs for studying sources of variation in human behavior that require the cleavage between rearing and biological background produced by adoption. Resemblance between biologically unrelated individuals reared in the same family estimates the importance of shared experience as a source of variation in human behavior.

Keywords: adoption; intelligence; personality; Colorado Adoption Project

Figure 1.

Correlations of parental general cognitive ability with child IQ scores at ages 4, 7, 12 and 16 years for adoptive parent–adopted child (AP–AC), birth parent–adopted child (BP–AC) and control parent–control child (CP–CC) relationships.

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References

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Further Reading

Capron C and Duyme M (1989) Assessment of the effects of socio‐economic status on IQ in a full cross‐fostering study. Nature 340: 552–554.

Capron C and Duyme M (1996) Effect of socioeconomic status of biological and adoptive parents on WISC‐R subtest scores of their French adopted children. Intelligence 22: 259–275.

Loehlin JC, Willerman L and Horn JM (1982) Personality resemblances between unwed mothers and their adopted‐away offspring. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 42: 1089–1099.

Loehlin JC, Willerman L and Horn JM (1987) Personality resemblance in adoptive families: a 10‐year follow‐up. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 53: 961–969.

McGue M, Sharma S and Benson P (1996) Parent and sibling influences on adolescent alcohol use and misuse: evidence from a US adoption cohort. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 57: 8–18.

Plomin R and De Fries JC (1985) Origins of Individual Differences in Infancy: The Colorado Adoption Project. Orlando, FL: Academic Press.

Plomin R and De Fries JC (1998) The genetics of cognitive abilities and disabilities. Scientific American 278: 62–69.

Plomin R, De Fries JC and Fulker DW (1988) Nature and Nurture During Infancy and Early Childhood. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

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Tienari P, Wynne LC, Moring J, et al. (1994) The Finnish adoptive study of schizophrenia: implications for family research. British Journal of Psychiatry 23(supplement): 20–26.

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How to Cite close
Corley, Robin P(Jul 2006) Adoption Strategies. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0005231]