Nucleotide Sequence Databases


There are internationally available databases containing nucleotide data. These resources are useful for investigating basic and advanced research problems.

Keywords: GenBank; EMBL; DDBJ; sequence data; nucleotides


Altschul SF, Madden TL, Schäffer AA, et al. (1997) Gapped BLAST and PSI‐BLAST: a new generation of protein database search programs. Nucleic Acids Research 25: 3389–3402.

Baker W, van den Broek A, Camon E, et al. (2000) The EMBL nucleotide sequence database. Nucleic Acids Research 28: 19–23.

Benson DA, Karsch‐Mizrachi I, Lipman DJ, et al. (2002) GenBank. Nucleic Acids Research 30(1): 17–20.

Pearson WR and Lipman DJ (1988) Improved tools for biological sequence analysis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 85: 2444–2448.

Quackenbush J, Liang F, Holt I, Pertea G and Upton J (2000) The TIGR gene indices: reconstruction and representation of expressed gene sequences. Nucleic Acids Research 28: 141–145.

Tateno Y, Miyazaki S, Ota M, Sugawara H and Gojobori T (2000) DNA data bank of Japan (DDBJ) in collaboration with mass sequencing teams. Nucleic Acids Research 28: 24–26.

Further Reading

Baxevanis AD and Ouellette BFF (eds.) (2001) Bioinformatics: A Practical Guide to the Analysis of Genes and Proteins, 2nd edn. New York, NY: Wiley Interscience.

Nucleic Acids Research 2001 database issue (2001) Nucleic Acids Research 29: 1–349.

Pandey A and Lewitter F (1999) Nucleotide sequence databases: a gold mine for biologists. Trends in Biochemical Sciences 24(7): 276–280.

Web Links

GenBank. This link leads to information about the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration of GenBank, EMBL and DDBJ.

Nucleic Acids Research. NAR has an annual database issue that is linked on this page.

CMS Molecular Biology Resource. A site managed by Chris Smith at the San Diego Supercomputer Center that lists links to many nucleotide sequence databases.

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How to Cite close
Lewitter, Fran(Sep 2005) Nucleotide Sequence Databases. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0005250]