Zuckerkandl, Emile


Emile Zuckerkandl (1922–) discovered the molecular evolutionary clock and founded the Journal of Molecular Evolution.

Keywords: molecular clock; molecular evolution; hemoglobin

Further Reading

Morgan GJ (1998) Emile Zuckerkandl, Linus Pauling, and the molecular evolutionary clock, 1959–1965. Journal of the History of Biology 31: 155–178.

Zuckerkandl E (1975) The appearance of new structures and functions in proteins during evolution. Journal of Molecular Evolution 7(1): 1–57.

Zuckerkandl E (1981) A general function of noncoding polynucleotide sequences: mass binding of transconformational proteins. Molecular Biology Reports 7(1–3): 149–158.

Zuckerkandl E (1987) On the molecular evolutionary clock. Journal of Molecular Evolution 26: 34–46.

Zuckerkandl E (1997) Neutral and nonneutral mutations: the creative mix – evolution of complexity in gene interaction systems. Journal of Molecular Evolution 44: S2–S8.

Zuckerkandl E (2001) Intrinsically driven changes in gene interaction complexity. I.C3 Growth of regulatory complexes and increase in number of genes. Journal of Molecular Evolution 53: 539–554.

Zuckerkandl E and Pauling L (1962) Molecular disease, evolution and genic heterogeneity. In: Kasha M and Pullman B (eds.) Horizons in Biochemistry: Albert Szent‐Györgyi Dedicatory Volume, pp. 189–225. New York: Academic Press.

Zuckerkandl E and Pauling L (1965) Evolutionary divergence and convergence in proteins. In: Bryson V and Vogel H (eds.) Evolving Genes and Proteins, pp. 97–166. New York: Academic Press.

Zuckerkandl E and Schroeder W (1960) Amino acid sequences of gorilla hemoglobin. Nature 192: 984–985.

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How to Cite close
Morgan, Gregory J(Jul 2006) Zuckerkandl, Emile. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0005310]