Kinship and Inbreeding

Abstract

Inbreeding results when makes are genetically related. This principle can be used to calculate degrees of kinship between individuals.

References

Chevalet C, Gillois M and Khang JVT (1984) Conditional probabilities of identity of genes at a locus linked to a marker. Genetics, Selection, Evolution 16: 431–444.

Cotterman CW (1940) A calculus for statistico‐genetics. In: Ballonoff P (ed.) (1974) Genetics and Social Structure: Benchmark Papers in Genetics, pp. 157–272. Stroudsberg, PA: Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross.

Malecot G (1948) Les mathématiques de l'hérédité. Paris, France: Masson.

Wang T, Fernando RL, van der Bee S, Grossman M and van Arendonk JAM (1995) Covariance between relatives for a marked quantitative trait locus. Genetics, Selection, Evolution 27: 251–274.

Wright S (1922) Coefficients of inbreeding and relationship. American Nature 56: 330–338.

Wright S (1969) Evolution and the Genetics of Population, vol. 2, The Theory of Gene Frequencies. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Further Reading

Chang HL, Fernando RL and Grossman M (1991) On the principle underlying the tabular method to compute coancestry. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 81: 233–238.

Crow JF and Kimura M (1970) An Introduction to Population Genetics Theory. New York, NY: Harper & Row.

Emik LO and Terrill CE (1949) Systematic procedures for calculating inbreeding coefficients. Journal of Heredity 40: 51–55.

Fisher RA (1965) The Theory of Inbreeding. New York, NY: Academic Press.

Harris DL (1964) Genotypic covariances between inbred relatives. Genetics 50: 1319–1348.

Jacquard A (1974) The Genetic Structure of Populations. Heidelberg, Germany: Heidelberg‐Verlag.

Lo LL, Fernando RL, Cantet RJC and Grossman M (1995) Theory for modelling means and covariances in a two‐breed population with dominance inheritance. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 90: 49–62.

Meuwissen T and Luo Z (1992) Computing inbreeding coefficients in large populations. Genetics, Selection, Evolution 24: 305–313.

Quaas RL (1976) Computing the diagonal elements and inverse of a large numerator relationship matrix. Biometrics 32: 945–953.

Thompson EA (1988) Two‐locus and three‐locus gene identity by descent in pedigrees. IMA Journal of Mathematics Applied in Medicine and Biology. 5: 261–279.

Wang T, Fernando RL and Grossman M (1998) Genetic evaluation by BLUP using marker and trait information in a multibreed population. Genetics 148: 507–515.

Contact Editor close
Submit a note to the editor about this article by filling in the form below.

* Required Field

How to Cite close
Fernando, Rohan L(Jan 2006) Kinship and Inbreeding. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0005398]