Genetic Screening Programmes

Abstract

Genetic screening programmes may benefit individuals, their families and society, but they may also cause harm. As such, screening programmes should meet certain important requirements before they are routinely implemented.

Keywords: genetics; screening; ethics

Further Reading

Black J (1998) Regulation as facilitation: negotiating the genetic revolution. In: Brownsword R, Cornish W and Llewelyn M (eds) Law and Human Genetics: Regulating a Revolution, pp. 29–32. Oxford: Hart Publishing.

British Medical Association (1998) Human Genetics: Choice and Responsibility. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

British Medical Association (2005) Population Screening and Genetic Testing. London: British Medical Association.

Council of Europe (1991) Working Party on Genetic Testing and Screening. Draft Recommendation on Genetic Testing and Screening for Health Care Purposes and Draft Explanatory Memorandum. Adopted by the Ad Hoc Committee of Experts on Bioethics (CAHBI), Strasbourg, 2–3 September 1991.

Danish Council of Ethics (1993) Ethics and Mapping the Human Genome. Copenhagen: Danish Council of Ethics.

Gannon P and Villiers C (1999) Genetic testing and employee protection. Medical Law International 4: 39.

Gottlieb S (2001) US employer agrees to stop genetic testing. British Medical Journal 322: 449.

House of Commons, Science, Technology Committee (1994–1995) Human Genetics: The Science and its Consequences, 3rd report, HC 41–1. London: HMSO.

Human Genetics Commission (2002) Inside Information: Balancing Interests in the Use of Personal Genetic Information. London: Human Genetics Commission.

Kass LR (1985) Toward a More Natural Science: Biology and Human Affairs. New York, NY: The Free Press.

Markel H (1992) The stigma of disease: implications of genetic screening. American Journal of Medicine 93(2): 209–215.

Marteau TM, van Duijn M and Ellis I (1992) Effects of genetic screening on perceptions of health: a pilot study. Journal of Medical Genetics 29(1): 24–26.

McLean SAM (1995) Genetic screening of children: the UK position. Journal of Contemporary Health Law and Policy 12: 113–130.

Nuffield Council on Bioethics (1993) Genetic Screening: Ethical Issues. London: Nuffield Council on Bioethics.

Nuffield Council on Bioethics (2006) Genetic Screening: A Supplement to the 1993 Report by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics. London: Nuffield Council on Bioethics.

Reilly PR (1991) Advantages of genetic testing outweigh arguments against widespread screening. Scientist 5(2): 9, 11.

Robinson A (1994) The ethics of gene research. Canadian Medical Association Journal 150(5): 721.

Stone DH and Stewart S (1996) Screening and the new genetics: a public health perspective on the ethical debate. Journal of Public Health Medicine 18(1): 3–5.

Web Links

Genetics and Insurance Committee (2000) GAIC Decisions‐Huntington's Disease http://www.advisorybodies.doh.gov.uk/genetics/gaic/huntingtons‐oct00.pdf

Genetics and Insurance Committee. The Genetics and Insurance Committee is the United Kingdom's public body charged with approving applications for the use of genetic tests in insurance http://www.advisorybodies.doh.gov.uk/genetics/gaic/

http://www.hgc.gov.uk/UploadDocs/DocPub/Document/business_consultations2maintext.pdf

Human Genetics Commission (2000) Whose hands on your genes? A consultation on the storage, protection and use of personal genetic information http://www.hgc.gov.uk/UploadDocs/DocPub/Document/business_consultations2maintext.pdf

Human Genetics Commission. The Human Genetics Commission (HGC) is the United Kingdom government's advisory body on how new developments in human genetics will impact on people and on healthcare http://www.hgc.gov.uk

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How to Cite close
Williamson, Shanti(Apr 2008) Genetic Screening Programmes. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005590.pub2]