Nazi Movement and Eugenics


Pre‐war Nazi ideas about the need to keep the population free from the burden of ‘unfit’ persons led first to eugenic measures and then to a widespread sterilization program. This paved the way for coercive euthanasia and finally the Holocaust, both of which were (to the shame of the science) exploited as research material by the German geneticists of the day.

Keywords: genocide; euthanasia; positive eugenics; negative eugenics; sterilization


Benzenhöfer U (1998) Der Fall ‘Kind Knauer’. Deutsches Ärzteblatt 95: B954–B955.

Weindling PJ (1989) Health, Race and German Politics between National Unification and Nazism, 1870–1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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Weindling, Paul(Sep 2006) Nazi Movement and Eugenics. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005604]