Nazi Scientists


Scientists who acceded to the demands and offers of the government of Nazi Germany.

Keywords: eugenics; euthanasia; race hygiene; human experiments; racism


Alexander L (1945) M887‐Film 17. Washington DC: National Archives.

Friedlander H (1995) The Origins of Nazi Genocide. From Euthanasia to the Final Solution. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Goldstein A (1987) Otto Krayer In: National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoirs 57: 151–225.

Klee E (1983) ‘Euthanasie’ im NS‐Staat. Die ‘Vernichtung lebensunwerten Lebens’. Frankfurt, Germany: S Fischer.

Müller‐Hill B (1998) Murderous Science. Elimination by Scientific Selection of Jews, Gypsies, and others in Germany 1933–1945, with Afterword by James Watson. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Müller‐Hill B (1999) The blood from Auschwitz and the silence of the scholars. History and Philosophy of Life Sciences 21: 331–365.

Müller‐Hill B (2001) Genetics of susceptibility to tuberculosis: Mengele's experiments in Auschwitz. Nature Reviews Genetics 2: 631–634.

Peiffer J (1997) Hirnforschung im zwielicht: beispiele verführbarer wissenschaftler aus der zeit des nationalsozialismus. Julius Hallervorden, HJ Scherer, B Ostertag. Abhandlungen zur Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften 79: 1–112.

Peiffer J (2000) Neuropathologische Forschung an ‘Euthanasie’ Opfern in zwei Kaiser‐Wilhelm‐Instituten. In: Kaufmann, D (ed.) Geschichte der Kaiser‐Wilhelm‐Gesellschaft im Nationalsozialismus. Bestandsaufnahme und Perspektiven der Forschung, pp. 151–173. Göttingen, Germany: Wallstein.

Further Reading

Beyerchen AD (1977) Scientists under Hitler. Politics and the Physics Community in the Third Reich. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Deichmann U (2001) Flüchten, Mitmachen, Vergessen. Chemiker und Biochemiker in der NS‐Zeit. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley‐VCH.

Deichmann U (1996) Biologists under Hitler. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. [Translated from Deichmann U (1995) Biologen unter Hitler. Frankfurt, Germany: S Fischer.]

Kater M (1989) Doctors under Hitler. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Klee E (1997) Auschwitz. Die NS‐Medizin und ihre Opfer. Frankfurt, Germany: S Fischer.

Klee E (2001) Deutsche Medizin im Dritten Reich. Karrieren vor und nach 1945. Frankfurt, Germany: S Fischer.

Lifton RJ (1986) The Nazi Doctors. Medical Killing and the Psychology of Genocide. New York: Basic Books.

Proctor RN (1988) Racial Hygiene. Medicine under the Nazis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Weinreich M (1946) Hitler's Professors. The Part of Scholarship in Germany's Crimes against the Jewish People. New York: Yiddish Scientific Institute.

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Müller‐Hill, Benno(Sep 2006) Nazi Scientists. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005610]