Genetic Counseling: Nondirectiveness


Nondirectiveness in genetic counseling is an attitude that, in practice, tries to avoid the pitfalls of directiveness by respecting client autonomy as far as possible. It has its roots in humanistic psychology, but its development has been poorly recognized in human genetics; therefore it is often misinterpreted and misunderstood.

Keywords: genetic counseling; non‐directiveness; directiveness


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Further Reading

Bernhardt BA (1997) Empirical evidence that genetic counseling is directive: where do we go from here? American Journal of Human Genetics 60: 17–20.

Brunger F and Lippman A (1995) Resistance and adherence to the norms of genetic counseling. Journal of Genetic Counseling 4: 151–167.

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Walker AP (2002) Genetic counseling. In: Rimoin DL, Connor MJ, Pyeritz RE and Korf BR (eds.) Emery and Rimoin's Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics, pp. 842–874. London: Churchill Livingstone.

Wolff G and Jung C (1995) Nondirectiveness and genetic counseling. Journal of Genetic Counseling 4: 3–25.

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Wolff, Gerhard(Sep 2006) Genetic Counseling: Nondirectiveness. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005621]