Carrier Screening for Inherited Hemoglobin Disorders in Cyprus and the United Kingdom


Community genetics means the combination of public health, primary care and genetics approaches required to deliver the benefits of advances in genetic knowledge to all those in the population who may benefit from them.


Alter BP, Modell B, Fairweather DVI, et al. (1976) Prenatal diagnosis of haemoglobinopathies: a review of 15 cases. New England Journal of Medicine 295: 1437–1443.

Angastiniotis MA and Hadjiminas MG (1981) Prevention of thalassemia in Cyprus. Lancet i: 369–370.

Ashiotis T, Zachariadis Z, Sofroniadou K, Loukopoulos D and Stamatoyannopoulos G (1973) Thalassaemia in Cyprus. British Medical Journal ii: 38–42.

Fletcher JC, Berg K and Tranoy KE (1985) Ethical aspects of medical genetics: a proposal for guidelines in genetic counseling, prenatal diagnosis and screening. Clinical Genetics 27: 199–205.

Kaback MM, Zeigler RS, Reynolds LW and Sonneborn M (1974) Approaches to the control and prevention of Tay–Sachs disease. Progress in Medical Genetics 10: 103–134.

Kan YW, Dozy A, Alter BP, Frigoletto FD and Nathan DG (1972) Detection of the sickle gene in the human fetus: potential for intrauterine diagnosis of sickle cell anemia. New England Journal of Medicine 287: 1–5.

Modell B, Benson A and Payling‐Wright CR (1972) Incidence of beta thalassaemia trait among Cypriots in London. British Medical Journal ii: 737–738.

Modell B, Harris R, Lane B, et al. (2000) Informed choice in genetic screening for thalassemia during pregnancy: audit from a national confidential enquiry. British Medical Journal 320: 325–390.

Modell B, Ward RHT and Fairweather DVI (1980) Effect of introducing antenatal diagnosis on the reproductive behavior of families at risk for thalassemia major. British Medical Journal ii: 1347–1350.

National Health Service (2000) A Plan for Investment, a Plan for Reform. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Old JM, Ward RHT, Petrou M, et al. (1982) First‐trimester fetal diagnosis for the haemoglobinopathies: three cases. Lancet ii: 1413–1416.

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WHO (1983) Community control of hereditary anaemias: memorandum from a WHO meeting. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 61: 63–80.

Further Reading

Angastiniotis MA, Kyriakidou S and Hadjiminas M (1986) How thalassemia was controlled in Cyprus. World Health Forum 7: 291–297.

Walker J and Turnbull EPN (1955) Haemoglobin and red cells in the human fetus. III. Foetal and adult haemoglobin. Archives of Disease in Childhood 30: 102–114.

Web Links

Accessible Publishing of Genetic Information (APoGI) for Haemoglobin Gene Variants. [Basic information about hemoglobin disorders, designed for use by affected individuals, health workers and members of the public.]

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Modell, Bernadette(Sep 2006) Carrier Screening for Inherited Hemoglobin Disorders in Cyprus and the United Kingdom. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005644]