Cloning of Animals in Genetic Research: Ethical and Religious Issues


There are major ethical and religious objections to the cloning of animals in genetic research. Chief among these are the violation of the intrinsic worth of animals, the use of animals as though they had only an instrumentalist value and, not least of all, the substantial harm caused to individual sentients.

Keywords: cloning; ethics; theology; sentiency; animal welfare; animal rights; utilitarianism; instrumentalism


Bentham J (1948) An introduction to the principles of morals and legislation [1789]. In: Harrison W (ed.) A Fragment on Government and an Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, 1823 edn, pp. 411–412. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Bulfield G (1997) Biotechnology and farm animals. Bulletin of Medical Ethics 131: 15–18.

DeGrazia D (1996) Taking Animals Seriously: Mental Life and Moral Status. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Science and Technology Committee of the House of Commons (1997) The Cloning of Animals from Adult Cells, vol. 1. London, UK: HMSO.

Street P (1995) Fast life in the food chain, 1992. In: D'Silva J and Stevenson P (eds.) Modern Breeding Technologies and the Welfare of Farm Animals, p. 17. Petersfield, UK: Compassion in World Farming.

Wilmut I (2001) Dolly's creator says no to human cloning. The Guardian, UK, 29 March: 11.

Further Reading

Clark SRL (1997) Animals and their Moral Standing London, UK: Routledge.

Fox MW (1999) Beyond Evolution: The Genetically Altered Future of Plants, Animals, the Earth…and Humans. Washington DC: The Lyons Press.

Fox MW (2001) Bringing Life to Ethics: Global Bioethics for a Humane Society. New York, NY: State University of New York Press.

Holland A and Johnson A (eds.) (1998) Animal Biotechnology and Ethics London, UK: Chapman & Hall.

Linzey A (1994) Animal Theology. London, UK: SCM Press/Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Linzey A (1997) Ethical and theological objections to animal cloning. Bulletin of Medical Ethics 131: 18–22.

Linzey A and Cohn‐Sherbok D (1997) After Noah: Animals and the Liberation of Theology. London, UK: Mowbray/Continuum International Publishing Group, Limited.

Rollin BE (1995) The Frankenstein Syndrome: Ethical and Social Issues in the Genetic Engineering of Animals. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Contact Editor close
Submit a note to the editor about this article by filling in the form below.

* Required Field

How to Cite close
Linzey, Andrew, and Barsam, Ara(Sep 2006) Cloning of Animals in Genetic Research: Ethical and Religious Issues. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005658]