Intelligence: Ethical Debates about the Search for IQ Quantitative Trait Loci

Abstract

This article focuses on arguments about the acceptability of research dedicated to isolating specific genes which may influence IQ. It also surveys other public controversies in the UK about behavioral genetics.

Keywords: IQ; behavior; eugenics; ethics; public perceptions

References

Channel 4 (1996) Equinox: Satan's Robots. London, UK: Channel 4 Television.

CRIT (1996) New campaign aim to halt eugenics research. Press release, 11 April 1996. London: Campaign for Real Intelligence.

Goodey C (1996) Genetic markers for intelligence. Bulletin of Medical Ethics 126: 13–16.

Harper P (1995) DNA markers associated with high versus low IQ: ethical considerations. Behavior Genetics 25: 197–198.

Jensen AR (1969) How much can we boost IQ and scholoastic achievement? Harvard Education Review 39: 1–123.

King D (1997) The IQ QTL project: a critique of race gender and class. 5: 41–50.

MRC (1996) Letter to CRIT, 16 May 1996. London: Medical Research Council.

MRC (1997a) Letter to CRIT, 28 May 1997. London: Medical Research Council.

MRC (1997b) Genes and the Mind. London: Medical Research Council.

Newson A and Williamson R (1999) Should we undertake genetic research on intelligence? Bioethics 13: 327–342.

Plomin R (1999) Genetics and general cognitive ability. Nature 402(supplement): C25–C29.

Plomin R and Craig I (2001) Genetics, environment and cognitive abilities: review and work in progress towards a genome scan for quantitative trait locus associations using DNA pooling. British Journal of Psychiatry 178(supplement 40): s41–s48.

Plomin R, McClearn GE, Smith DL, et al. (1994) DNA markers associated with high versus low IQ: the IQ Quantitative Trait Loci Project. Behavior Genetics 24: 107–118.

Vines V (1996) The search for the clever stuff. Guardian Online 1 February: 2.

Further Reading

Coghlan A (1996) ‘Real Intelligence’ group targets study. New Scientist 18: April 7.

Craig IW, McClay J, Plomin R and Freeman B (2000) Chasing behaviour genes into the next millennium. Trends in Biotechnology 18: 22–25.

Fisher PJ, Turic D, Williams N (1999) DNA pooling identifies QTLs on chromosome 4 for general cognitive ability on children. Human Molecular Genetics 8: 915–922.

Plomin R (1996) In: Lee L (ed.), Beyond nature versus Nurture in Genetics and Mental Illness: Evolving Issues for Research and Society. New York: Plenum Press.

Plomin R (1999) Genetics and general cognitive ability. Nature 402(supplement) C25–C29.

Rutter M and Plomin R (1997) Opportunities for psychiatry from genetics findings. British Journal of Psychiatry 171: 209–219.

Sherman SL, DeFries JC, Gottesman I, et al. (1997) Behavioral Genetics '97: American Society for Human Genetics statement recent developments in human behavioral genetics: past accomplishments and future directions. American Journal of Human Genetics 60: 1265–1275.

Contact Editor close
Submit a note to the editor about this article by filling in the form below.

* Required Field

How to Cite close
King, David(Sep 2006) Intelligence: Ethical Debates about the Search for IQ Quantitative Trait Loci. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005876]