Malthus, Darwin, and Social Darwinism

Abstract

Darwin's theory of natural selection was inspired in part by T. R. Malthus's principle of population expansion. This was linked to the ideology of free‐enterprise individualism, leading to claims that Darwin's theory reflected a similar ideology. Darwinism was certainly used to justify competitive social policies, but the relationship between science and ideology requires careful analysis.

Keywords: darwinism; ideology; struggle for existence; survival of the fittest

References

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How to Cite close
Bowler, Peter J(Sep 2006) Malthus, Darwin, and Social Darwinism. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005882]