Malthus, Darwin, and Social Darwinism

Abstract

Darwin's theory of natural selection was inspired in part by T. R. Malthus's principle of population expansion. This was linked to the ideology of freeā€enterprise individualism, leading to claims that Darwin's theory reflected a similar ideology. Darwinism was certainly used to justify competitive social policies, but the relationship between science and ideology requires careful analysis.

Keywords: darwinism; ideology; struggle for existence; survival of the fittest

References

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How to Cite close
Bowler, Peter J(Sep 2006) Malthus, Darwin, and Social Darwinism. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005882]