Population History of Europe: Genetics

Abstract

Patterns of genetic diversity contain information on population histories. The archaeological record shows that people of different provenance entered Europe at different times. Analysis of genetic diversity suggests that the current Europeans do not derive from Neanderthal ancestors and shows the effects of both gene flow and reproductive isolation.

Keywords: genetic diversity; population history; geographic variation; gene genealogies; gene flow; genetic drift

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Further Reading

Barbujani G and Sokal RR (1990) Zones of sharp genetic change in Europe are also linguistic boundaries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 87: 1816–1819.

Edwards SV and Beerli P (2000) Gene divergence, population divergence, and the variance in coalescence times in phylogeographic studies. Evolution 54: 1839–1854.

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Renfrew C and Boyle K (2001) Archaeogenetics: DNA and the Population Rehistory of Europe, McDonald Institute Monographs. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Seielstad MT, Minch E and Cavalli‐Sforza LL (1998) Genetic evidence for a higher female migration rate in humans. Nature Genetics 20: 278–280.

Sokal RR, Oden NL and Wilson C (1991) Genetic evidence for the spread of agriculture in Europe by demic diffusion. Nature 351: 143–145.

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How to Cite close
Barbujani, Guido(Sep 2006) Population History of Europe: Genetics. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005962]