Winogradsky, Sergei Nikolaevitch


Sergei Nikolaevitch Winogradsky (1856–1953), a Russian‐born microbiologist who worked in France for most of his life; his investigations on nitrification and colourless sulfur bacteria led him to the discovery of the chemolithotrophic mode of life; his studies on the bacteria involved in the biogeochemical cycles of nitrogen, sulfur and iron and of soil microorganisms made him one of the founders of the science of microbial ecology.

Keywords: Winogradsky; chemolithotrophy; soil microbiology; nitrification; iron bacteria; sulfur‐oxidizing bacteria

Figure 1.

Sergei Nikolaevitch Winogradsky. Reproduced with permission from Prof. Dr. Schlegel HG (1999) and the Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina.


Further Reading

Brock TD (1998) Milestones in Microbiology. Washington DC: American Society for Microbiology Press.

Chung KT and Case CL (2001) Sergei Winogradsky: founder of soil microbiology. Society for Industrial Microbiology News 51: 133–136.

Schlegel HG (1999) Geschichte der Mikrobiologie. Halle (Saale), Germany: Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina.

Waksman SA (1946) Sergei Nikolaevitch Winogradsky, the story of a great bacteriologist. Soil Science 62: 197–226.

Waksman SA (1953) Sergei N. Winogradsky. His Life and Work. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Winogradsky S (1949) Microbiolgie du Sol. Problemès et Méthodes. Cinquante Ans de Recherches. Paris, France: Masson.

Zavarzin GA (1987) Sergei N. Winogradsky and the discovery of chemosynthesis. In: Schlegel HG and Bowien B (eds) Autotrophic Bacteria, pp. 17–32. Madison, WI: Science Tech Publishers.

Zavarzin GA (2006) Winogradsky and modern microbiology. Microbiology (translation of Mikrobiologiya) 75: 501–511.

Contact Editor close
Submit a note to the editor about this article by filling in the form below.

* Required Field

How to Cite close
Oren, Aharon(Mar 2010) Winogradsky, Sergei Nikolaevitch. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0022513]