van Niel, Cornelis Bernardus


Cornelis Bernardus van Niel (1897–1985), a Dutch‐born microbiologist who worked in California for most of his life; he showed that a coherent science of general microbiology could provide a foundation for unifying the life sciences and his summer courses at Pacific Grove, California, have inspired many leading biologists; he proposed a simple model to rationalize green plant and bacterial photosynthesis.

Keywords: van Niel; microbial diversity; photosynthetic bacteria; photosynthesis

Figure 1.

Cornelis Bernardus van Niel (1897–1985). Reproduced with permission from Prof. Dr. Schlegel HG (1999) and the Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina.


Further Reading

Hungate RE, Jannasch HW and Wolfe RS (1985) Obituary: Cornelius Bernard van Niel. American Society for Microbiology News 51: 424–425.

Kluyver AJ and van Niel CB (1936) Prospects for a natural system of classification of bacteria. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie und Parasitenkunde, Abteilung II 94: 369–403.

La Rivière JWM (1997) The Delft School of Microbiology in historical perspective. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 71: 3–13.

van Niel CB (1944) The culture, general physiology, morphology, and classification of the non‐sulfur purple and brown bacteria. Bacteriological Reviews 8: 1–118.

van Niel CB (1955) Natural selection in the microbial world. The second Marjory Stephenson memorial lecture. Journal of General Microbiology 13: 201–217.

van Niel CB (1967) The education of a microbiologist; some reflections. Annual Review of Microbiology 21: 1–30.

van Niel CB (1979) “The Delft‐School” and the rise of general microbiology. Bacteriological Reviews 13: 161–174.

Schlegel HG (1999) Geschichte der Mikrobiologie. Halle (Saale), Germany: Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina.

Spath S (2004) van Niel's course in general microbiology. American Society for Microbiology News 70: 359–363.

Stanier RY and van Niel CB (1962) The concept of a bacterium. Archiv für Mikrobiologie 42: 17–35.

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Oren, Aharon(Mar 2010) van Niel, Cornelis Bernardus. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0022515]