van Niel, Cornelis Bernardus

Abstract

Cornelis Bernardus van Niel (1897–1985), a Dutch‐born microbiologist who worked in California for most of his life; he showed that a coherent science of general microbiology could provide a foundation for unifying the life sciences and his summer courses at Pacific Grove, California, have inspired many leading biologists; he proposed a simple model to rationalize green plant and bacterial photosynthesis.

Keywords: van Niel; microbial diversity; photosynthetic bacteria; photosynthesis

Figure 1.

Cornelis Bernardus van Niel (1897–1985). Reproduced with permission from Prof. Dr. Schlegel HG (1999) and the Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina.

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Further Reading

Hungate RE, Jannasch HW and Wolfe RS (1985) Obituary: Cornelius Bernard van Niel. American Society for Microbiology News 51: 424–425.

Kluyver AJ and van Niel CB (1936) Prospects for a natural system of classification of bacteria. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie und Parasitenkunde, Abteilung II 94: 369–403.

La Rivière JWM (1997) The Delft School of Microbiology in historical perspective. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 71: 3–13.

van Niel CB (1944) The culture, general physiology, morphology, and classification of the non‐sulfur purple and brown bacteria. Bacteriological Reviews 8: 1–118.

van Niel CB (1955) Natural selection in the microbial world. The second Marjory Stephenson memorial lecture. Journal of General Microbiology 13: 201–217.

van Niel CB (1967) The education of a microbiologist; some reflections. Annual Review of Microbiology 21: 1–30.

van Niel CB (1979) “The Delft‐School” and the rise of general microbiology. Bacteriological Reviews 13: 161–174.

Schlegel HG (1999) Geschichte der Mikrobiologie. Halle (Saale), Germany: Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina.

Spath S (2004) van Niel's course in general microbiology. American Society for Microbiology News 70: 359–363.

Stanier RY and van Niel CB (1962) The concept of a bacterium. Archiv für Mikrobiologie 42: 17–35.

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How to Cite close
Oren, Aharon(Mar 2010) van Niel, Cornelis Bernardus. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0022515]