Agrios GN (2005) Plant Pathology, 5th edn. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Bhattacharjee S, Noor JJ, Gohain B, et al. (2015) Post‐translational modifications in regulation of pathogen surveillance and signalling in plants: the inside‐ (and perturbations from) outside story. International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 67 (7): 524–532.
Boller T and Felix G (2009) A renaissance of elicitors: perception of microbe‐associated molecular patterns and danger signals by pattern‐recognition receptors. Annual Review of Plant Biology 60: 379–406.
Boller T and He SY (2009) Innate immunity in plants: an arms race between pattern recognition receptors in plants and effectors in microbial pathogens. Science 324 (5928): 742–744.
Cheng YT and Li X (2012) Ubiquitination in NB‐LRR‐mediated immunity. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 15 (4): 392–399.
Chisholm ST, Coaker G, Day B, et al. (2006) Host‐microbe interactions: shaping the evolution of the plant immune response. Cell 124: 803–814.
Chinchilla D, Zipfel C, Robatzek S, Kemmerling B, et al. (2007) A flagellin‐induced complex of the receptor FLS2 and BAK1 initiates plant defence. Nature 448 (7152): 497–500.
De la Fuente van Bentem S, Anrather D, Roitinger E, et al. (2006) Phosphoproteomics reveals extensive in vivo phosphorylation of Arabidopsis proteins involved in RNA metabolism. Nucleic Acids Research 34 (11): 3267–3278.
Dodds PN and Rathjen JP (2010) Plant immunity: towards an integrated view of plant‐pathogen interactions. Nature Reviews Genetics 11: 539–548.
Flor HH (1955) Host‐parasite interaction in flax rust – its genetics and other implications. Phytopathology 45: 680–685.
Frye CA, Tang D and Innes RW (2001) Negative regulation of defense responses in plants by a conserved MAPKK kinase. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98: 373–378.
Gack MU, Albrecht RA, Urano T, et al. (2009) Influenza A virus NS1 targets the ubiquitin ligase TRIM25 to evade recognition by the host viral RNA sensor RIG‐I. Cell Host & Microbe 5: 439–449.
Gao X, Cox KL Jr and He P (2014) Functions of calcium‐dependent protein kinases in plant innate immunity. Plants 3: 160–176.
González‐Lamothe R, Tsitsigiannis DI, Ludwig AA, et al. (2006) The U‐box protein CMPG1 is required for efficient activation of defence mechanisms triggered by multiple resistance genes in tobacco and tomato. Plant Cell 18 (4): 1067–1083.
Gou M and Hua J (2012) Complex regulation of an R gene SNC1 revealed by autoimmune mutants. Plant Signalling and Behaviour 7 (2): 213–216.
Gururani MA, Venkatesh J, Upadhyaya CP, et al. (2012) Plant disease resistance genes: current status and future directions. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 78: 51–65.
Hammond‐Kosack KE and Jones JDG (1994) Incomplete dominance of tomato Cf genes for resistance to Cladosporium fulvum. Molecular Plant‐Microbe Interactions 7: 58–70.
Heaton SM, Borg NA and Dixit VM (2015) Ubiquitin in the activation and attenuation of innate antiviral immunity. Journal of Experimental Medicine 213: 1–13.
Henry E, Yadeta KA and Coaker G (2013) Recognition of bacterial plant pathogens: local, systemic and transgenerational immunity. New Phyotology 199 (4): 908–915.
Jonak C, Okrész L, Bögre L, et al. (2002) Complexity, cross talk and integration of plant MAP kinase signalling. Current Opinions in Plant Biology 5 (5): 415–424.
Jones JDG and Dangl JL (2006) The plant immune system. Nature 444: 323–329.
Krvatsova‐Ivantsiv Y and Ciechanover A (2012) Non‐canonical ubiquitin‐based signals for proteasomal degradation. Journal of Cell Science 125: 539–548.
Li B, Lu D and Shan L (2014) Ubiquitination of pattern recognition receptors in plant innate immunity. Molecular Plant Pathology 15 (7): 737–746.
Lindeberg M, Cartinhour S, Myers CR, et al. (2006) Closing the circle on the discovery of genes encoding Hrp regulon members and type III secretion system effectors in the genomes of three model Pseudomonas syringae strains. Molecular Plant Microbe Interactions 19: 1151–1158.
Lu D, Lin W, Gao X, et al. (2011) Direct ubiquitination of pattern recognition receptor FLS2 attenuates plant innate immunity. Science 332 (6036): 1439–1442.
Macho AP, Schwessinger B, Ntoukakis V, et al. (2014) A bacterial tyrosine phosphatase inhibits plant pattern recognition receptor activation. Science 343: 1509–1512.
Marino D, Peeters N and Rivas S (2012) Ubiquitination during plant immune signalling. Plant Physiology 160: 15–27.
Martin GB, Bogdanove AJ and Sessa G (2003) Understanding the functions of plant disease resistance proteins. Annual Review of Plant Biology 54: 23–61.
Meng X and Zhang S (2013) MAPK cascades in plant disease resistance signalling. Annual Review of Phytopathology 51: 245–266.
Monaghan J and Zipfel C (2012) Plant pattern recognition receptor complexes at the plasma membrane. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 15: 349–357.
Ntoukakis V, Mucyn TS, Gimenez‐Ibanez S, et al. (2009) Host inhibition of a bacterial virulence effector triggers immunity to infection. Science 324 (5928): 784–787.
Park CJ, Han SW, Chen X, et al. (2010) Elucidation of XA21‐mediated Innate Immunity. Cell Microbiology 12 (8): 1017–1025.
Peck SC (2003) Early phosphorylation events in biotic stress. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 6 (4): 334–338.
Peisley A, Wu B, Xu H, Chen ZJ and Hur S (2014) Structural basis for ubiquitin‐mediated antiviral signal activation by RIG‐I. Nature 509: 110–114.
Petersen M, Brodersen P, Naested H, et al. (2000) Arabidopsis map kinase 4 negatively regulates systemic acquired resistance. Cell 103: 1111–1120.
Piquerez SJM, Balmuth AL, Sklenář J, et al. (2014) Identification of post‐translational modifications of plant protein complexes. Journal of Visualised Experiments 84: 51095.
Qiu J, Sheedlo MJ, Yu K, et al. (2016) Ubiquitination independent of E1 and E2 enzymes by bacterial effectors. Nature 533: 120–124.
Rajsbaum R, Albrecht RA, Wang MK, et al. (2012) Species‐specific inhibition of RIG‐I ubiquitination and IFN induction by the influenza A virus NS1 protein. Public Library of Sciences: Pathogens 8 (11): e1003059.
Romeis T, Ludwig AA, Martin R and Jones JD (2001) Calcium‐dependent protein kinases play an essential role in a plant defence response. EMBO Journal 20: 5556–5567.
Ronald PC et al. (1992) Genetic and physical analysis of the rice bacterial blight disease resistance locus, Xa21. Molecular Genetics and Genomics 236: 113–120.
Rosebrock TR, Zeng L, Brady JJ, et al. (2008) A bacterial E3 ubiquitin ligase targets a host protein kinase to disrupt plant immunity. Nature 448 (7151): 370–374.
Segonzac C and Zipfel C (2011) Activation of plant pattern‐recognition receptors by bacteria. Current Opinion in Microbiology 14 (1): 54–61.
Shang Y, Li X, Cui H, et al. (2006) RAR1, a central player in plant immunity, is targeted by Pseudomonas syringae effector AvrB. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (50): 19200–19205.
Surico G (2013) The concepts of plant pathogenicity, virulence/avirulence and effector proteins by a teacher of plant pathology. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 52 (3): 399–417.
Spoel SH, Mou Z, Tada Y et al. (2009) Proteasome‐mediated turnover of the transcription coactivator NPR1 plays dual roles in regulating plant immunity. Cell 137 (5): 860–872.
Oshiumi H, Matsumoto M, Hatakeyama S and Seya T (2009) Riplet/RNF135, a RING finger protein, ubiquitinates RIG‐I to promote interferon‐β induction during the early phase of viral infection. Journal of Biological Chemistry 284: 807–817.
Thomma BPHJ, Nurnberger T and Joosten MHAH (2011) Of PAMPs and effectors: the blurred PTI‐ETI dichotomy. Plant Cell 23 (1): 4–15.
Trujillo M, Ichmura K, Caseis C and Shirasu K (2008) Negative regulation of PAMP‐triggered immunity by an E3 ubiquitin ligase triplet in Arabidopsis. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 18 (18): 1396–1401.
Van der Biezen EA and Jones JD (1998) Plant disease‐resistance proteins and the gene‐for‐gene concept. Trends in Biochemical Sciences 12: 454–456.
Varshney J and Tuberosa R (2013) Translational Genomics for Crop Breeding: Volume 1 – Biotic Stress. Ames, IA: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Vierstra RD (2009) The ubiquitin‐26S proteasome system at the nexus of plant biology. Nature Reviews: Molecular Cell Biology 11: 385–397.
Wang Y‐S, Pi L‐Y, Chen X, et al. (2006) Rice XA21 binding protein 3 is a ubiquitin ligase required for full Xa21‐mediated disease resistance. Plant Cell 18: 3635–3646.
Xing T, Ouellet T and Miki BL (2002) Towards genomic and proteomic studies of protein phosphorylation in plant‐pathogen interactions. Trends in Plant Sciences 7 (5): 224–230.
Yee D and Goring DR (2009) The diversity of plant U‐box E3 ubiquitin ligases: from upstream activators to downstream target substrates. Journal of Experimental Botany 60 (4): 1109–1121.
Yi SY and Kwon SY (2014) How does SA signalling link the Flg22 responses? Plant Signalling Behaviour 9 (11): e972806.
Zipfel C (2014) Plant pattern‐recognition receptors. Trends in Immunology 7: 345–351.
Tanaka S, Brefort T, Neidig N, et al. (2014) A secreted Ustilago maydis effector promotes virulence by targeting anthocyanin biosynthesis in maize. eLife 3: e01355.
Van den Berg HA and Takken FLW (2010) SUMO‐, MAPK‐ and resistance protein‐signalling converge at transcription complexes that regulate plant innate immunity. Plant Signalling and Behaviour 5 (12): 1597–1601.
Yang YX, Ahammed GJ, et al. (2015) Crosstalk among Jasmonate, salicylate and ethylene signaling pathways in plant disease and immune responses. Current Protein and Peptide Science 16 (5): 450–461.