Sergei Chetverikov (1880–1959)

Abstract

Chetverikov was a Russian (Soviet) geneticist and lepidopterologist, who significantly contributed to the growth of Darwinian evolutionary theory. He saw his primary task as overcoming a gap between Mendelism and Darwinian selectionism. In 1926, Chetverikov published his revolutionary paper ‘On Certain Features of the Evolutionary Process from the Viewpoint of Modem Genetics’, which laid the foundation for population genetics, along with the works by Ronald Fisher, Sewall Wright, and John Haldane. Chetverikov made significant efforts to develop a research programme synthesising biometric, naturalist and genetic approaches within a Darwinian framework. He played a special role in the history of Russian and Soviet biology, because he stood at the very cradle of the Russian (Soviet) school of evolutionary genetics.

Key Concept

  • Chetverikov (1880–1959), a Russian geneticist who made important conceptual contributions to population genetics and evolutionary theory.

Keywords: Chetverikov; population genetics; Darwinism; Mendelism; evolutionary biology

Figure 1. Sergei Chetverikov, 1927. Reproduced from the Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences: http://arran.ru/?q=ru/node/198.
close

References

Artemov NM and Kalinina TE (1994) Sergej Sergeevich Chetverikov. Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).

Adams MB (1968) The founding of population genetics: contributions of the Chetverikov school 1924–1934. Journal of the History of Biology 1 (1): 23–39.

Adams MB (1998) Sergei Chetverikov, The Kol'tzov Institute, and the evolutionary synthesis. In: Mayr E and Provine WB , (eds). The Evolutionary Synthesis: Perspectives on the Unification of Biology, pp. 242–278. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Babkov VV (1985) Moscow School of Evolutionary Genetics. Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).

Babkov VV and Sakanjan ES (2002) Nikolai Vladimirovich Timofeeff‐Ressovsky. Moscow: Pamjatniki Istoricheskoj Mysli.

Bowler PJ (1983) The Eclipse of Darwinism. Baltimore & London: The John Hopkins University Press.

Bowler P (2001) History of Evolutionary Ideas: The Modern SynthesisELS: Encyclopedia of the life sciences. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Chetverikov SS (1902) A manual for collecting Lepidoptera. In: Kozhevnikov GA , (ed). A Manual for Organizing Zoological Expeditions and Collecting Zoological Material. K.I. Tikhomirov: Moscow (in Russian).

Chetverikov SS (1905) The waves of life (lepidopterological observations of the summer 1903). Proceedings of the Zoological Section of the Imperial Society of Friends of Natural Sciences, Anthropology, and Ethnography 3 (N6): 106–111 (in Russian).

Chetverikov SS (1910) Beitrage zur Anatomie der Wasserassel Asellus aquaticus L. Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes de Moscou 24 (4): 377–590.

Chetverikov SS (1915) The major factor of insect evolution. Proceeding of the Moscow Entomological Society 1: 14–24 (in Russian).

Chetverikov SS (1920) The fundamental factor of insect evolution. Smithsonian report for 1918. Washington (D.C.), Publ. 2566, pp. 441–448.

Chetverikov SS (1926) On certain features of the evolutionary process from the viewpoint of modem genetics. Journal of Experimental Biology, Series A 2 (1): 3–54 (in Russian).

Chetverikov SS (1961) On certain aspects of the evolutionary process from the standpoint of modern genetics. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 105 (2): 167–195.

Dantzev AA (1997) The University is My Passion: Some Pages from the History of the First University of the Don Region. Novocherkassk: South‐Russian State Polytechnic University (in Russian).

East EM and Jones DF (1919) Inbreeding and outbreeding; their genetic and sociological significance. Philadelphia: The Washington Square Press.

Gottlieb G (2002) Individual Development and Evolution: The Genesis of Novel Behavior. London, UK: Taylor and Francis e‐library.

Hey J (2011) Regarding the confusion between the population concept and Mayr's “population thinking”. The Quarterly Review of Biology 84 (4): 253–264.

Hoßfeld U and Olsson L (2002) From the Modern Synthesis to Lysenkoism, and back? Science 297 (5578): 55–56.

Kaasch M , Kaasch J and Hoßfeld U (2006) Für besondere Verdienste um Evolutionsforschung und Genetik. Die Darwin‐ Plakette der Leopoldina 1959. Acta Historica Leopoldina 46: 333–427.

Kalinina TE (2002) S.S. Chetverikov's pedigree and the course of life. In: Zakharov IA , (ed). Chetverikov S.S. Material to his Biography, Unpublished Manuscripts, and Letters. Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).

Levit GS and Hossfeld U (2009) From molecules to the biosphere: Nikolai V. Timoféeff‐Ressovsky's (1900–1981). Research program within a totalitarian landscapes. Theory in Biosciences 128: 237–248.

Magnello ME (1998) Karl Pearson's mathematisation of inheritance. From Galton's ancestral heredity to Mendelian genetics (1895–1909). Annals of Science 55: 35–94.

Morange M (2011) The attempt of Nikolai Koltzoff (Koltsov) to link genetics, embryology and physical chemistry. Journal of Biosciences 36 (2): 211–214.

Perry M , Jacob M , Jacob J , Chase M and Von Laue T (2009) Western Civilization: Ideas, Politics, and Society, Comprehensive Edition, 9th edn. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Publishing Company.

Roll‐Hansen N (2005) The Lysenko Effect. The Politics of Science. New York, NY: Humanity Books.

Schlapentokh V (2001) A Normal Totalitarian Society: How the Soviet Union Functioned and How It Collapsed. New York: M.E. Sharpe Inc..

Tschetwerikoff SS (1928) Über die genetische Beschaffenheit wilder Populationen. Zeitschrift für Induktive Abstammungs‐ und Vererbungslehre 46: 38–39.

Zakharov IA (ed) (2000) Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences: Moscow.

Zakharov IA (2002) Chetverikov S.S. Material to his Biography, Unpublished Manuscripts, and Letters. Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).

Contact Editor close
Submit a note to the editor about this article by filling in the form below.

* Required Field

How to Cite close
Levit, Georgy S(Mar 2015) Sergei Chetverikov (1880–1959). In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0025066]