Sergei Chetverikov (1880–1959)


Chetverikov was a Russian (Soviet) geneticist and lepidopterologist, who significantly contributed to the growth of Darwinian evolutionary theory. He saw his primary task as overcoming a gap between Mendelism and Darwinian selectionism. In 1926, Chetverikov published his revolutionary paper ‘On Certain Features of the Evolutionary Process from the Viewpoint of Modem Genetics’, which laid the foundation for population genetics, along with the works by Ronald Fisher, Sewall Wright, and John Haldane. Chetverikov made significant efforts to develop a research programme synthesising biometric, naturalist and genetic approaches within a Darwinian framework. He played a special role in the history of Russian and Soviet biology, because he stood at the very cradle of the Russian (Soviet) school of evolutionary genetics.

Key Concept

  • Chetverikov (1880–1959), a Russian geneticist who made important conceptual contributions to population genetics and evolutionary theory.

Keywords: Chetverikov; population genetics; Darwinism; Mendelism; evolutionary biology

Figure 1. Sergei Chetverikov, 1927. Reproduced from the Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences:


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Levit, Georgy S(Mar 2015) Sergei Chetverikov (1880–1959). In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0025066]