Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory

Abstract

The Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, has had a long history of excellence in research and education. An independent institution for the first 125 years, it has been an affiliate of the University of Chicago since 2013. Internationally acclaimed courses, summer visiting researchers and year‐round research centres make up this vibrant laboratory in a small village at the southwestern tip of Cape Cod. Over 50 Nobel Prize winners have spent time at the MBL, and the courses have trained the leaders in fields such as embryology and physiology. Public lectures, a history of biology seminar and the Logan Science Journalism Program extend the MBL's reach beyond scientific discovery, and the location serves as an attractive convening place to bring together researchers and students around diverse topics especially related to the MBL's core areas.

Key Concepts

  • The MBL formed in 1888 as a summer institution with a dual mission: research and education.
  • Over 50 scientists associated with the MBL have won Nobel Prizes.
  • The MBL became an affiliate of the University of Chicago in 2013.
  • The MBL has three main research centres: the Ecosystems Center, the Josephine Bay Paul Center for Comparative Molecular Biology and Evolution and the Eugene Bell Center for Regenerative Biology and Tissue Engineering.
  • The MBL has hosted the National Xenopus Resource since 2011.

Keywords: Morgan; Wilson; Loeb; neurobiology; microscopy; genetics; horseshoe crabs; endotoxins; ecosystems; regeneration

Figure 1. Charles Otis Whitman. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
Figure 10. Haldan Keffer Hartline seated in a lab at the MBL, 1925. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
Figure 11. John Z. Young at the MBL, 1936. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
Figure 12. Shinya Inoué seated in front of a microscope. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
Figure 13. Katsuma Dan seated in a lab at the MBL, ca. 1931. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
Figure 2. Thomas Hunt Morgan seated at his microscope in his office at the MBL. Created by Alfred Huettner, 1930. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
Figure 3. Cornelia Clapp seated at a desk at the MBL, 1934. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
Figure 4. Faculty and students in the 1895 Botany course collecting specimens in Woods Hole. Created by Baldwin Coolidge, 1895. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
Figure 5. Woman on a collecting boat, harvesting starfish, 1890. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
Figure 6. Southern view of the Crane building. Created by Norman W. Edmund, 1923. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
Figure 7. Ernest Everett Just pitching horseshoes behind the Old Main building at the MBL. Created by Alfred Huettner. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
Figure 8. Alfred Sturtevant collecting flies, 1961. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
Figure 9. Warder Clyde Allee at the MBL, ca. 1920s. Digitized by the MBL History Project. Courtesy of the HPS Repository.
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References

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Further Reading

Allen G (1979) Thomas Hunt Morgan. The Man and His Science. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Barlow RB, Dowling JE and Weissmann G (eds) (1993) The Biological Century Friday Evening Talks at the Marine Biological Laboratory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Inoué S (2016) Pathways of a Cell Biologist: Yet Another Eye. Singapore: Springer.

Lillie FR (1944) The Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Reprinted as a Supplement to The Biological Bulletin 174 (1988) available at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/17426.

Maienschein J (1989) 100 Years Exploring Life. 1888–1988. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Available at: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/14377#/summary.

Matlin KS, Maienschein J and Laubichler M (eds) (2018) Visions of Cell Biology: Reflections Inspired by Cowdry's “General Cytology”. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Series on Convening Science: Discovery at the Marine Biological Laboratory.

MBL History Project: http:history.archives.mbl.edu

Minteer BA, Maienschein J and Collins JP (eds) (2018) The Ark and Beyond: The Evolution of Zoo and Aquarium Conservation. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Series on Convening Science: Discovery at the Marine Biological Laboratory.

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How to Cite close
MacCord, Kate, and Maienschein, Jane(Apr 2018) Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0027989]