Adaptation and Natural Selection: Overview


Adaptation is both an evolutionary process and a product of natural selection: adaptation is a process of evolution in which traits are modified by natural selection; an adaptation is a phenotypic trait moulded by natural selection. In both cases the evolution is driven by natural selection.

Keywords: evolution; genetic variation; fitness

Further Reading

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Dobzhansky T H (1968) On some fundamental concepts of Darwinian biology. Evolutionary Biology 2: 1–34.

Dawkins R (1989) The Selfish Gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Georghiou GP (1972) The evolution of resistance to pesticides. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 3: 133–168.

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Mitton JB (1997) Selection in Natural Populations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Paley W (1816) Natural Theology; Or, Evidences Of The Existence And Attributes Of The Deity, Collected From The Appearances Of Nature. London: Baynes.

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Weiner J (1994) The Beak of the Finch. New York: Random House.

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Williams GC (1992) Natural Selection: Domains, Levels, and Challenges. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Williams GC (1997) The Pony Fish's Glow: and Other Clues to Plan and Purpose in Nature. New York: Basic Books.

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Mitton, Jeffry B(Mar 2002) Adaptation and Natural Selection: Overview. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0001706]