AIDS as a World Health Problem


In the almost 20 years since acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first recognized as a disease entity, infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the subsequent development of AIDS has erupted into a global epidemic of Biblical proportions.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS‐pandemic; epidemiology; socioeconomic and demographic impact

Figure 1.

Numbers of persons living with HIV/AIDS as at end of 1999 (a) and newly infected during 1999 (b). (Source: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)/World Health Organization.)

Figure 2.

Cumulative HIV/AIDS deaths since the beginning of the epidemic to end of 1999 (a) and in 1999 alone (b). (Source: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)/World Health Organization.)

Figure 3.

Projected population structure with and without the AIDS epidemic, Botswana, 2020. (Source: US Census Bureau, World Population Profile 2000.)



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Further Reading

Jones JL, DeCock KM and Jaffe HW (1999) Current trends in the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS. In: Sande MA and Volberding PA (eds) The Medical Management of AIDS, 6th edn, pp. 3–22. Philadelphia: WB Saunders.

Kaldor JM (ed.) (1998) AIDS in Asia and the Pacific, 2nd edn. London: Rapid Science Publishers.

Laga M and Schwartlaender B (1999) Epidemiology of AIDS in the developing world. In: Merigan TC, Bartlett JG and Bolognesi D (eds) Textbook of AIDS Medicine, 2nd edn, pp. 111–121. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.

Mertens T and Piot P (1997) Global aspects of human immunodeficiency virus epidemiology: general considerations. In: De Vita VT, Hellmann S, Rosenberg SA, Curran J, Essex M and Fauci AS (eds) AIDS Etiology, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention, 4th edn, pp. 103–126. Philadelphia: Lippincott‐Raven.

Piot P and Merson MH (2000) Global perspectives on human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE and Dolin R (eds) Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 5th edn, pp. 1332–1340. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.

Schoofs M (2000) AIDS: The Agony of Africa. Series of articles published in The Village Voice. New York: Village Voice Media, Inc.

Tarantola D and Mann J (1996) Global overview: a powerful HIV/AIDS pandemic. In: Mann J and Tarantola D (eds) AIDS in the World II, 2nd edn, pp. 5–40. New York: Oxford University Press.

Tarantola D and Schwartlaender B (1997) HIV/AIDS epidemics in sub‐Saharan Africa: dynamism, diversity and discrete declines? In: Laga M, De Cock K and Kaleeba N (eds) AIDS in Africa, 2nd edn, pp. 5–21. London: Rapid Science Publishers.

Whitesite A and Stover J (1997) The demographic and economic impact of AIDS in Africa. In: Laga M, De Cock K and Kaleeba N (eds) AIDS in Africa, 2nd edn, pp. 55–61. London: Rapid Science Publishers.

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Aichelburg, Alexander C, Pett, Sarah L, and Cooper, David A(Jan 2003) AIDS as a World Health Problem. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0002238]