Ageing – Future Directions for Research in the Biology of Ageing


An increasing fraction of the world's population is living to an age when intrinsic biological constraints take their toll on health and quality of life through age‐related frailty. As the number of older people increases, so does the number suffering from a wide range of age‐associated disabilities and diseases.

Keywords: ageing; senescence; longevity; genetics; stress


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Further Reading

Austad SN (1997) Why We Age: What Science is Discovering about the Body's Journey Through Life. New York: John Wiley.

Arking R (1998) Biology of Aging: Observations and Principles, 2nd edn. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer.

Hayflick L (1996) How and Why We Age. New York: Ballantine Books.

Holliday R (1995) Understanding Ageing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kirkwood T (1999) Time of Our Lives: the Science of Human Ageing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Kirkwood, Thomas BL(May 2003) Ageing – Future Directions for Research in the Biology of Ageing. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0003394]