Evolution: Views of


Darwin's original theory of evolution by natural selection is now almost universally accepted by biologists. It has been broadened by the inclusion of Mendelian inheritance and a mathematical formulation, called the new synthesis. Nevertheless, with more detailed study, different views of various aspects of the process have emerged and these are the subject of this article.

Keywords: Darwin; Lamarck; modern synthesis; shifting balance theory; molecular evolution; evo–devo

Further Reading

Carroll SB (2005) Endless Forms Most Beautiful: the New Science of Evo–Devo. New York: W. W. Norton [A highly readable account of evo–devo.]

Carroll SB (2006) The Making of the Fittest: DNA and the Ultimate Forensic Record of Evolution. New York: W. W. Norton [Another easy‐to‐read story, this time emphasizing evolutionary history as revealed by DNA analysis.]

Gould SJ (2002) The Structure of Evolutionary Theory. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press [A massive, wide‐ranging tome, with much history and Gould's own views.]

Graur D and Li W‐H (2000) Fundamentals of Molecular Evolution, 2nd edn. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates [A discussion of the techniques and results of molecular evolution.]

Kimura M (1983) The Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press [An accessible account of the neutralist view, by its principal protagonist.]

Maynard Smith J and Szathmary E (1995) The Major Transitions in Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press [The big picture, from the origins of life to the evolution of language.]

Pagel M (ed.) (2002) Encyclopedia of Evolution, vols. 1 and 2 [An enormous compendium: everything you want to know about evolution, and more.] Oxford University Press: Oxford.

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How to Cite close
Crow, James F(Mar 2008) Evolution: Views of. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005104.pub2]