Animal Models


There is a long‐standing tradition of using a variety of animal models for genetic and functional studies relevant to human biology. Recent technical developments and the ongoing acquisition of genomic sequence have markedly enhanced the usefulness of such models.

Keywords: model organism; genetics; mouse; rat; zebrafish


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Further Reading

Balling R (2001) ENU mutagenesis: analyzing gene function in mice. Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics 2: 463–492.

Balmain A (2002) Cancer as a complex genetic trait: tumor susceptibility in humans and mouse models. Cell 108: 145–152.

Doerge RW (2002) Mapping and analysis of quantitative trait loci in experimental populations. Nature Reviews Genetics 3: 43–52.

Golling G, Amsterdam A, Sun Z, et al. (2002) Insertional mutagenesis in zebrafish rapidly identifies genes essential for early vertebrate development. Nature Genetics 13: 13.

Hayashi S and McMahon AP (2002) Efficient recombination in diverse tissues by a tamoxifen‐inducible form of cre: a tool for temporally regulated gene activation/inactivation in the mouse. Developmental Biology 244: 305–318.

Jacob HJ and Kwitek AE (2002) Rat genetics: attaching physiology and pharmacology to the genome. Nature Reviews Genetics 3: 33–42.

Lewandoski M (2001) Conditional control of gene expression in the mouse. Nature Reviews Genetics 2: 743–755.

Moore KJ and Nagle DL (2000) Complex trait analysis in the mouse: the strengths, the limitations and the promise yet to come. Annual Review of Genetics 34: 653–686.

Patton EE and Zon LI (2001) The art and design of genetic screens: zebrafish. Nature Reviews Genetics 2: 956–966.

Stanford WL, Cohn JB and Cordes SP (2001) Gene‐trap mutagenesis: past, present and beyond. Nature Reviews Genetics 2: 756–768.

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How to Cite close
Beier, David R(Jan 2006) Animal Models. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. [doi: 10.1038/npg.els.0005680]